Digital Literacy & Citizenship Curriculum Training Certificate



Library of Congress Certificate

Successfully completed the module,”Supporting Inquiry with Primary Sources”. Really a good module to learn how teachers can use primary sources to guide their students through the inquiry process. Topics covered in this module are- Inquiry Overview, Primary Sources and Inquiry, and Inquiry in action.Here is the link for my certificate



Social learning presentation on Sophia


I’m thrilled to work on this social learning project as this is an unique assignment and different than past ones. This project gave me an opportunity to come across and explore an excellent website-


Equity in the classroom

Living in a community where high speed Internet is part of HOA, it never made me realize that there are some families who can’t afford Internet at all in their homes or they can’t afford broadband Internet. After reading articles provided on the blog, I realized that homework assignments, which require Internet use, must be challenging for the students who belong to these families. It must be challenging for teachers too who teaches these students because of not able to use good online resources in their lesson planning.

I agree with Gregory Ferenstein’s thoughts, “Free Computers Don’t close the Rich-Poor Education Gap.” Students need motivation from their families and educators in order to get higher education. They also need an environment, where they are encouraged to learn new technologies that are in the market to become a 21st century citizen.

Up to certain extent, Betsy Isaacson is right that, “Digital Divide is ‘Major Challenge’ in Teaching Low-Income Students.” There are some other challenges too in teaching low-income students, like- language barrier, motivation to learn, and so on. But to provide quality online resources through Internet, digital divide is a major challenge.

How much homework should I include in my lesson plan that requires Internet? I’ll collect data about Internet situation in my students’ homes. For that, I can ask parents to complete a quick survey on the first day of the school itself, which would help me understand their at-home internet situation better. Furthermore, I’ll try to provide a list of available free public Wi-Fi spots in the nearby area of the school to the students who don’t have Internet facility at their homes. This will not only provide opportunities for these students to access technology but will also provide an opportunity to interact with new information and technology available on Internet. Moreover, I’ll provide ample time to finish assignments that require students to use Internet resources. Additionally, once class work is over, I’ll allow students to use school computers with Internet to finish their assignments. Most probably, I’ll try to make my lesson plan that allows students to use technology in the class itself. This will help my students to experience technology in the class and will promote critical thinking skills and prepare them for a higher education, and not worry about Internet at home or look for public Wi-Fi spots.


Laws of Exponents Flipped Classroom

My flipped class video is for Algebra students, who are planning to learn about, “The Laws of Exponents”. For this video, I have done many things. First, I made few power point slides, and saved these slides as .PNG files. Secondly, I imported those slides into Window’s moviemaker. Next, I used my voice to narrate each slide. After that, I added some animation to finish off the slides. Finally, I saved my first-ever made video.

To give some interactions to the students, and to judge how much they have learned from the video, I embedded a quiz between some of the slides, with the help of For this, I uploaded my laws of exponent’s video into Edpuzzle. Also with the help of Quiz Tool, I embedded some problems in between the slides.

Frankly I’ll say, after spending couple of days to try making video and not getting success in making it, I start thinking that I’m not going to finish this video ever. But finally, after so many hits and tries, I finished making my flipped class video.

Below is the link of my video-



As a mother of two K-12 grade kids, I know what role the current technology is playing in their lives when it comes to learning. This report provides a lot of data points to support implementation and use if digital tools and resources in classrooms.  As the world has evolved and technology advanced in last few years, it does make sense to revisit the legacy teaching and learning environments and identify how the digital tools, resources and contents can be implemented to transform the learning environment to address the current challenges of new curriculum standards and preparing students well for succeeding in 21st century.

There is huge variety of available devices that has enabled anytime and anywhere learning, and report helps to know which ones are mostly liked by students, which ones they mostly use for which purpose and in what capacities. The report also helps to understand the students’ use of technology at home and in schools, in teacher-facilitated and self-directed learning environments. The report very well summarizes the key takeaways for blended and online learning environments that education administrator could use to implement digital resources and policies around them.

As we know the emphasis on STEM education and importance of science, technology, engineering, and math in preparing students for 21st century, the section around STEM learning environment covers a lot of details that schools administrators can use. It also talks about gender disparity in STEM career interest and provides valuable input into the learning lives of students immersed in STEM education on a day-to-day basis.

As there are challenges and concerns with any change, many school administrators have experienced challenges with implementation of technology and online learning environments, and this report helps them identify what might work the best in a particular school or district.  For me, I learned a lot from this report that will help me introduce or pick the appropriate digital tool or resource for future classrooms and foster a great learning environment for students. For potential educators, like myself, the report helps to understand what kind of digital learning environments and digital learning approaches would yield into positive achievement results. As I know, and now confirmed by this report data, I would be sure to implement flipped class rooms, so that they can watch video and learn according to their own pace. Furthermore, I will give students more online tests and provide more collaborative opportunities via digital media. Additionally, implement mobile, blended, virtual, or STEM education in my future classrooms.

Though the report provides a lot of data points which could be valuable input to creating positive learning environments, I didn’t find data points around potential issues or concerns from implementation of digital tools. E.g. are students focused on learning when they are in the self-learning digital learning environment, what factors may cause harm or distractions in digital learning environments, do the entertainment apps cause distractions? Etc. Overall, the report provides a lot of information that supports a new kind of educational ecosystem and confirms that learning as a 24/7 process now and what we need to do to enable and empower the student-centric digital learning experiences for all students.


Let’s use video to reinvent education

Salman Khan, a world known entrepreneur in the field of education world! So many educators and students, around the world, are being benefited by his free assessable online educational videos, in so many languages.


In his 20 minutes TED talk, “Let’s use video to reinvent education”, he talked about the benefits of utilizing videos to teach students. He is encouraging educators to change the traditional classroom teaching methods and incorporate videos, where students will watch the assigned instructional videos at home, at their own pace. That way, the students can better utilize the classroom time by practicing problems based on the topics learned in the videos and work with their partners under their teacher’s guidance. According to Salman, this transition will, not only cut the teachers’ instructional time, but will also help them utilize their instructional time in helping students in the areas they needed the most. This video started with Salman talking about how Khan Academy started,  talking about how he created a video and uploaded on YouTube to help his cousins and how they reacted and how they helped them to learn math skills. He was amazed to see the responses he got from so many people who he didn’t even know. According to them, Salman Khan’s videos were fun way to learn difficult math concepts. Moreover, they can just watch the video on their own pace, at their homes. Such overwhelming responses made this tech guy to quit his job as Hedge Funds analyst and gave him an encouragement to open a wonderful educational site called “Khan Academy”.


In my opinion, basically he is talking about Flipped classrooms. I came to know about Flipped classroom the first time, during my classroom observation last year. The teacher told me that her school is adopting Flipped classroom model. In order to that, she has to upload videos online so that her students can watch it as a homework and apply the knowledge they got from the videos in the next class and practice solving the problems. Even I experienced by myself in her classroom that how students were using class time in solving math problems while working with their partners. On the other hand, the role of the math teacher was to assist students who really needed one-on-one tutoring. The entire process built the strong foundation for students to grasp the higher level in that particular math topic.


Over all, I agree with the Salman’s point of views. I believe, in real classroom situation, it will be beneficial to use math instructional videos to refresh the previously gained knowledge that students already know, and also to gear toward getting a higher level of understanding. Many times, the students need a refresher course before they connect themselves with a new material that they are going to learn.  Teachers can motivate students to learn the new topics with interest via giving them an opportunity to recall their previous knowledge.